Consonants of Bhagavad Gita Text



Consonants of Bhagavad Gita Text

Context

Sanskrit language’s alphabet is very scientific. All the consonants are divided in different classes. The different sounds made by birds is represented by class consonants (, , , , ङ) , amphibians (e.f. frog) sounds in class ट (ट, , , , ण ), mammals (e.g. sheep, goat, cows etc.) sounds by class (, , , , ) and all the divine prayers, mantras always contain at least one consonant from unclassified category (, , , , , , , , , , ,) . Thus, the alphabet sequence of Sanskrit (and most of the Indian languages) indicates evolution.

Here, an attempt is made to understand, the usage of consonants in holy Hindu scripture Shrimad Bhagavad Gita, using Python code.

Method

·         Shrimad Bhagavad Gita text file is loaded in Python code. This input file is UTF-8 format Unicode text.
·   From the input files, 37 consonants are identified. Their Unicode is 0xE0A495 for , to 0xE0A4BA for .
·         The dictionary data structure is used, to associate all the consonants with different consonant classes and with different speakers. For source code, please refer https://github.com/mpanchmatia/BhagavadGitaAlphabet



Some important findings

·         Shrimad Bhagavad Gita contains total 30271 consonants. The Devanagari (Hindi) script has total 37 unique Unicodes for consonants.
·         Out of these 30271 constantans, majority of consonants 40.22 % used in Shrimad Bhagavad Gita are belongs to unclassified category. The least contribution 2.15 % is from class ट. Here is the detail breakup.

Consonant class
Consonants
Count
Percentage
Class
, , , ,
2116
6.99 %
Class
, , , ,
1746
5.77 %
Class
, , , ,
650
2.15 %
Class
, , , , ,
8611
28.45 %
Class
, , , ,
4973
16.43 %
Unclassified
, , , , , , , , , , ,
12175
40.22 %
Total
30271
30271
100 %


·         The least one is  pronounced only for once by the lord Krishna.
·         The most frequent consonants uttered is , 3931 times and 
·         Out of these 30271 constantans, majority of consonants 80.37% of consonants are uttered by the lord Krishna and 13.39 % of constantans are uttered by Arjuna. Here is the detail breakup.

Speaker
Number of consonants
Percentage of consonants
Arjuna
4052
13.39 %
the lord Krishna
24330
80.37 %
Sanjay
1730
5.72 %
Dhritarashtra
42
0.14 %
None
117
0.39 %
Total
30271
100 %


Please refer https://github.com/mpanchmatia/BhagavadGitaAlphabet/blob/master/output.txt for deatil break-up of all consonants uttered by all characters. 

Future Scope

·         The scope of consonants analysis can be further extended, like, identify patterns that can be corelated to energy movement in the body and impact on brain from neuroscience perspective.

·         The analysis can be done to other ancient Sanskrit text, epic, hymns etc.

·         One can target famous text from other languages also and perform comparative analysis.

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